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Steel Castings vs. Cast Irons: Which is Better?

Among the most ideal ways to make lasting and quality components are through castings. It allows for a high level of detail, which results in not needing additional fabrication or assembly. When it comes to rolled ring forgings, steel and iron are the two most popular due to their exceptional mechanical properties for a vast range of applications.

Keep reading to find out which is best suited for your specific application!

rolled ring forgings

How Do Steel Castings and Cast Irons Differ?

Steel Castings

Steel castings are components that are formed by pouring molten steel into a mold cavity. The liquefied steels then cool and solidify within the mold. You can create the shape and the casting to perfectly fit your specifications. Although the casting process of steel can be difficult, the results are well worth it.

Moreso, steel castings are mainly used when other types of cast irons do not have enough strength or shock resistance. Its physical properties allow the castings to be both strong and ductile, making it extremely tough. Also, it limits the chances of fracturing under pressure.

Industries that use steel castings range from food processing and electronics to oil and gas. Some specific industries that use this type of casting include the railroad, construction, drilling, transportation, and mining industries

Cast Irons

When it comes to corrosion, iron has better corrosion resistance than steel. It is also often cheaper because of the lower material costs, energy, and labor required to produce a final product. Additionally, cast iron is relatively easy to cast–it pours easily and doesn’t shrink as much as steel.

rolled ring forgings

Other Substances Used in Rolled Ring Forgings

If you don’t know what to use for your next project, allow our team at Ferralloy Inc. to help you decide. Schedule an appointment today for more information about cast irons, steel castings, and other metals used in rolled ring forgings.

Benefits of Aluminum Rolled Rings

Due to being strong, versatile, and cost-effective, rolled rings are used for a variety of applications. These rings are commonly used as key components in jet engines, jet turbines, windmills, paper mills, helicopter gearboxes, and other tools or machines exposed in extreme environments. The rolled ring process uses different types of materials. One of the most commonly used is aluminum.

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Why is Aluminum Used in Rolled Rings?

Lightweight

Aluminum is famous for its soft and lightweight characteristics. This type of metal is frequently used by rolled ring manufacturers because it is non-sparking, non-magnetic, and non-toxic. More so, it works best alone or with other metals.

Quick trivia: if you’re wondering why aluminum has this dull silvery appearance, it’s because of the thin layer of oxidation that is abruptly created when the metal is exposed to air. Nonetheless, the low atomic weight of aluminum is the reason why it is low in density.

Extremely Durable

Another reason why forging companies use aluminum is that it’s durable. Aside from being famous for its lightweight characteristics, aluminum doesn’t disappoint manufacturers when it comes to durability. What makes aluminum durable is the long life span combined with the right amount of energy.

Low Maintenance and Corrosion-Resistant

Aluminum is also low maintenance because it requires little care and cleaning compared to other metals.

What makes aluminum corrosion-resistant is its tendency to create a solid oxide layer over the surface. The oxide created is responsible for the high rust resistance.

rolled rings

Know More About Aluminum Rolled Rings

The factors mentioned above make aluminum rolled rings an ideal option for parts and components exposed to high-stress applications. Hence, it is often found in the aerospace and defense industry. Likewise, when applications call for high-quality, precision, and strength, aluminum rolled rings have no match.

At Ferralloy Inc., our experience means you get the best. Get in touch with us to learn more about the benefits aluminum rolled rings can offer!

Forging Efficient Carbon Rolled Rings

Seamless rolled ring forging is generally a cost-efficient option, especially when the forging process uses carbon steel. It allows you to create a product that can be hardened through tempering and quenching. However, this may depend on the grade of the material used. Below are the characteristics of carbon-rolled rings you may want to know.

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Common Characteristics and Downstream Processing

What Are the Characteristics of Carbon Steel?

Its characteristics may depend on the material the manufacturer uses. For instance, A Grade carbon steel such as A360LF2 is ideal for oil field application because of its corrosion-resistant feature. Most A Grade carbon steel includes alloying elements like nickel and manganese for enhanced toughness and hardenability. Some types are also great in medium strength applications.

Next to A Grade carbon steel materials are high carbon steel. Just like the former, it also contains manganese to improve the steel’s hardenability characteristic. Akin to 1040/1045, the most common high-grade carbon steels used are 15B22 and 1541V. They are also cost-effective and can be heat treated and welded for higher quality.

As for low carbon steel, it usually contains sulfur to increase and enhance its machinability aspect. Commonly known as resulfurized carbon steel, its common grades include 1146, 1141, and 1117.

Aside from low, high, and A Grade carbon steel, manufacturers also use plain carbon steel. It is the most cost-effective material used and is great for welding. Just like any other material, this one can provide decent surface hardness and toughness.

Downstream Processing

Carbon steel materials are generally used if the application doesn’t have to undergo a high-temperature environment and high strength processes. Also, when it comes to the downstream processing of this material, it involves the following:

  • Positive material identification
  • Chemical analysis
  • Mechanical analysis
  • Magnetic particle inspection
  • Ultrasonic inspection
  • Hardness testing
  • Shot blasting

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Get Efficient Seamless Rolled Ring Forging

At Ferralloy, we make sure that our products undergo a thorough inspection to better quality control. If you want high-quality and worth-the-investment carbon steel rings, our experts can guide you in finding the perfect one. Contact us today to learn more!

Difference Between Hot Rolled Plate and Forged Ring

Plates are designed by continuous rolling and casting or, in most instances, steel is processed into a bullet then hot rolled to be shaped in its final plate thickness. Akin to steel plates, rolled ring forgings are forged in the same process – it differs only in terms of rolling directions. Continue reading to know the difference between the two.

What are rolled ring forgings?

Process, Cost, and Strength of Forged Ring and Hot Rolled Plate

Manufacturing Process

In case you’re wondering, it takes continuous rolling and casting to produce plates. It’s also possible to forge steel into a billet before it is hot rolled until it attains the desired thickness of its final plate. Forged rings are a lot similar to steel plates because the rings go through a forging process from a billet of steel before these are rolled into their required shape. The key difference between both is that forged rings need to be rolled in two directions while rolling the plates only requires a single direction.

Cost

Hot rolled plate is a bit expensive than rolled ring forgings as the former results in more material scraps. Since rolled ring forgings are milled to a precise donut shape, there are no middle holes to be thrown out or corners to be clipped during the manufacturing process. It is not acquired as a square, solid plate but is already ready to use.

Strength and Difficulty

Despite being less expensive than hot rolled plates, rolled ring forgings possess the same strength and quality as that of the former. According to forge experts, these rings similar tensile strengths and yield as hot rolled plates.

In terms of difficulty to wield, rolled ring forgings show no brittle or hard layer on its rings. For as long as the manufacturing complies with the standard and stringent consumer qualification processes, the rings are guaranteed to meet the mandatory specifications.

What are rolled ring forgings?

Get Rolled Ring Forgings at Ferralloy Inc.

Are you looking for hot rolled plates or rolled ring forgings? To inquire, get in touch with our friendly staff through this link.

Forged Rolled Rings for Quality Products

Forged rolled rings offer several advantages, such as using less material to be machined to achieve the final product. However, one of the most notable factors why industries opt for this type of process is the intricate process involved in producing the final product.

What are forged rolled rings?

Process and Advantages of Forged Rolled Rings

Process

In the forged rolled rings’ manufacturing process, the waste of the metal that is punched out is prevented, and the metal piece is forged to become stronger and more durable. A donut shape is formed from metal and then forged into the metal ring that is desired.

The size and diameter are shaped from this donut-shaped metal as it reaches extremely high temperatures to the point that it becomes malleable. This process saves metal waste due to the ring being punched out, making it more cost-effective. Aside from being cost-effective, forged rolled rings can provide strong and durable metal components.

Advantages

  • Material Costs – Rolled ring forging can significantly reduce material costs! Typically, it uses fewer starting metal components to create the desired shapes. For instance, if the process requires a torch cut part, the complete center slug and entire corner stock are lost. With other forging processes, other parts are produced to a size that results in minimal waste.
  • Reduced Reduction Rates – This type of forging eliminates or reduces rejections by yielding enhanced structural integrity and using forging-quality materials. Additionally, the rolled ring forging process provides weld-free parts created with cleaner and quality material.
  • Efficiency in Production – Using a rolled ring forging process, the same material can be created from several and various sizes of starting billets or ingots. It allows for a wider variety of inventoried material grades. The production process’s flexibility implies that forges materials of almost any grade can be designed and produced rapidly and more economically.

What are forged rolled rings?

Looking for Forged Rolled Rings

Companies or manufacturers who use the forged rolled rings process can maintain constant durability and strength. Hence, clients who purchase these items are more likely to have worth-the-investment purchases. Contact Ferralloy Inc. to get forged rolled rings!

Why Use Cobalt Alloy Parts?

There are many different types of superalloys containing various levels of titanium, silicon, sulfur, phosphorus, molybdenum, manganese, chromium, carbon, boron, aluminum, iron, nickel, and cobalt. Most of them contain four to six elements to produce quality parts and components, and cobalt alloy the largest often used in forging valves in the combustion engine and other parts of a gun. It not only offers high corrosion resistance, but it’s also the predominant alloy that provides exemplary strength.

What are cobalt alloys?

Cobalt Alloy Parts will Enhance your Next Project

Wear Resistant

As a cobalt-based “superalloy,” it holds a wide range of benefits. Some of its biggest advantages include its strength, resistance to tremendous wear and tear, and ability to work under extreme temperatures. Not only is it able to function in a wide range of temperatures, but it has the ability to maintain its core strength and wear resistance, no matter the temperature, as well. As a result, this material is ideal for the environment with temperatures ranging from 600 to 1112˚F (3315 to 600˚C). Another one of its benefits is that you can introduce other elements to this alloy to meet your exact specifications, making it more adaptable and convenient.

Accurate Manufacturing Process

Cobalt alloys are produced by a range of different processes or methods. These methods include wrought or hot forging, hard-faced deposit, powder metal, and finally, casting. Using cobalt alloy can be a bit difficult to machine and grind as compared to when using steel. As a result, high-performance processing equipment and specialized machining tools are required since it is often machined by grinding instead of cutting.

What are cobalt alloys?

Know More About Cobalt Alloys and Their Applications

Ferralloy Inc. is producing machined investment castings to the Rc 52 hardness grade of every cobalt-based alloy. The parts and components produced are used as holes by a large international company in the oil drilling equipment industry. This type of material is also being used to produce sleeves in the valve industry. The sleeves are pressed into their safety relief valves to dramatically reduce wear which occurs when abrasive fluids are pumped through the valves.

To get more info about the different applications of cobalt alloys, contact our team today!

Seamless Forged Rings for Bearings

From drive transmission to gearboxes, producing seamless rings is crucial to provide a quality product. At Ferralloy Inc., we guarantee the manufacturers of these seamless rings tightly control the processes and chemistries of production to decrease residual stresses. Furthermore, this will enhance the mechanical properties of the bearings and other custom gears.

What are seamless rings?

Why Opt for Seamless Forged Rings Process?

Quality Standard and Inventory

For bearings or gears ranging up to 125-inch OD, seamless ring manufacturers are devoted to addressing every challenge that comes their way. Backed by the resources and support of exceptional forging manufacturers, we will work closely with you to provide optimal forging products according to your standards. The rings provided by our partners have been used in different applications such as helical gears, herringbone gears, spur gears, sprockets, couplings, clutches, ring gears, internal gear, and spiral or straight bevel gears.

When it comes to inventory, our manufacturing partners carry a comprehensive inventory of raw materials. Through this accessible inventory, delays associated with order processing are eliminated. And because of this, we can provide you with a quick reaction when it comes to market fluctuations.

Exceptional Processing

To guarantee conformance and quality products that perform precise testing according to every customer’s specific standard, we only partner with manufacturers that are ISO 9001:2015 certified. Moreso, these manufacturers’ exceptional processing can provide a complete range of secondary processes for every gearing industry client. The downstream processing includes non-destructive testing, destructive testing, shot blasting, saw cutting, machining, hardness testing, and heat treating. Segmenting, splitting, and parting processing are also made possible.

What are seamless rings?

Looking for Phenomenal Seamless Rings?

Having achieved ISO 9001 certification in both locations, we are a quality-driven organization committed to process improvement and providing engineering support, customer service, logistics, and inventory management services. At Ferralloy Inc., we have excellent product groups that can provide you with quality parts and components that have undergone quality control to comply with first-rate standards. To get quality parts, book an appointment today through this link!

Distortion in Forged Rolled Rings

The thermal and rolling treatment of forged rolled rings sometimes leads to the creation of residual stresses, causing dimensional distortion in the results. However, there are tons of corrective measures employed by forging industries to address this concern. Ongoing studies are seeking to base newly-found corrective measures on the laws of physics.

How does Dimensional Distortion Happen?

Ring Rolling Process

First, the rings and other metal components are rounded and cut to how much it weighs. It is then processed to reach the intended integrity, directional grain, and other specifications. It is then punched and pierced to create a ring.

After that, it is placed on the ring mill to be rolled. The idler roll applies pressure against the drive roll and slowly the ring diameters are increased. Continued pressure is applied, and this reduces the wall thickness.

The axial rolls control the height as it is being rolled and this is repeated until the proper size and specifications are reached.

Distortion is Not the Only Problem

Once the metal components have been rolled at a certain forging temperature, most of them are heat treated. Due to this method, some parts of the components become ovular and distorted.

This occurs more often in huge metals with outer-diameter to wall-thickness proportions. More so, distortion is the only concern resulting from this method. Despite furnishing results that meet dimensional tolerances, residual stresses may still happen even after the product has been shipped to the customer.

The reason is that succeeding machining processes conducted by customers or other metal-production companies may cause extra distortion and deformation to the product.

Preventive Measures Must be Employed

In light of the intricacy of the issue, various ring-rolling companies approach it with only corrective measures while disregarding the essential preventive measures. There are companies which manufacture the metal components with great tolerances so it can be earlier manufactured to its final dimension and preventing any possible distortion.

Others employ corrective ring distortion measures through expansion and compression processing, partially relieving the components of residual stresses.

Where can I find forged rolled rings?

Looking for Forged Rolled Rings with Minimal Distortion?

To produce rings and other metal parts with minimal distortion, it’s important that the ring-rolling company employ both corrective and preventive measures, if possible. Contact Ferralloy Inc. to get your quality rolled rings!

Advantages of Carbon Rolled Rings

Are you interested in utilizing the advantages of carbon rolled rings for your next project? If yes, contact Ferralloy, Inc., because our team can supply you with rolled ring forgings in diameters up to 110” and in various materials ranging from carbon to stainless steel.

where can i find rolled rings?

What Benefits Can Carbon Rolled Rings Offer?

Economical

When using carbon in the rolled ring process, the forged components made from this material tend to be cheaper than other rolled ring materials. Additionally, there are excellent forging tools to enhance the manufacturing process’s efficiency. Aside from being economical, it may considerably reduce the waste produced during the process.

Production of Various Shapes

To produce various shapes of forged components, it is required that the forging process also involves different methods. Since carbon steel forgings are incredibly flexible, it is easier to create them in different shapes. The most common shapes produced by this rolled ring process are hubs, discs, blocks, seamless rolled rings, and flanges.

Challenging Applications

Forged materials are enforced to play a critical role in various challenging applications such as pressure vessels, power generators, aircraft components, and oil rigs. The capacity of carbon rolled ring products to tolerate resistance makes them an excellent option for such applications. Additionally, the forged components produced are available in different sizes and grades.

Metal Grades

Aside from different sizes and shapes, carbon rolled rings have four distinct grades. These metal grades significantly differ from one another on the basis of their hardness, endurance, wear, and strength. This allows companies, using forged components, to choose a category that ideally suits their standards. While there are several alloys that can provide industries with various metal grades, no other alloy can provide the versatility of carbon rolled rings.

where can i find rolled rings?

Where to Find Carbon Rolled Rings?

If you’re one of those industries that want to purchase and secure quality carbon rolled rings, you can contact Ferralloy Inc. today!

Titanium Seamless Rolled Ring Forging

A process used widely and performed to the highest level by Ferralloy is seamless rolled ring forging. It plays an important role in the manufacturing of certain components. Forging is a method of manufacturing inherently stronger components for machinery.

When apparatuses are needed to develop wind turbines or high-quality gears are required for mechanical parts, the ring forging process is used to manufacture superior pieces. The forging process uses different metal and alloy types to comply with the highest standards – among the most commonly used is titanium.

what are seamless rolled ring forging?

Why is Titanium Used in Seamless Rolled Ring Forging?

Applications

Titanium can be used for a wide range of metal parts, from tubing to bolts to fasteners. And this metal alloy is used for good reasons. The list of titanium benefits is a long one. Titanium seamless rolled ring forging is applied in water treatment, desalination, power generation, marine, chemical processing, aerospace military, and medical technologies.

Features

Aside from the fact that titanium rolled ring forging has many applications, its features are exceptional. It provides efficient low thermal expansion, low elasticity module, non-toxic and non-magnetic, high melting point, exceptional oxidation capabilities, and exceptional bearing to cryogenics property. Other notable features are:

  • Excellent corrosion resistance
  • Outstanding strength-to-weight percentage
  • Low density
  • High-heat resistance

Main Properties

What makes titanium a special forging material is its properties. According to forging experts, the following are titanium’s main properties that make it an exceptional material for forging processes.

  • Hydrogen storage
  • Superconductivity
  • Shape memory
  • Low damping resistance, modulus of elasticity, thermal conductivity, non-magnetic, and density
  • High-temperature easy oxidation, strength, and heat resistance

Likewise, titanium rolled ring forging offers tensile strength close to yielding strength, good performance at low temperatures, and exceptional corrosion resistance.

what are seamless rolled ring forging?

Where to Look for Titanium Seamless Rolled Ring Forging

Are you interested in using these metal components for your next project? At Ferralloy Inc., we are a quality-driven organization that is committed to constant improvement and customer satisfaction.