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Titanium Tubing | What is the History of Titanium?

Do you know the history of titanium and titanium tubing? Keep reading to learn the entire backstory of this essential metal!

The History of Titanium

Titanium’s history begins around 1790, when an ore of titanium was discovered in England and named after “Titan”, the Greek God of enormous strength. It took a while, 120 years after its initial discovery in fact, but in 1910 a process to extract the metal from the ore was finally developed.

This process was created by M.A. Hunter and made it possible for titanium to be used as an alloying agent for steel production. It involved mixing TiO2 with coke and chlorine and heating it to produce TiCl4. Sodium would then be used to reduce the TiCl4.

While the Hunter process proved to be a great way to extract Titanium from the ore, it was not feasible for large scale manufacturing efforts. Because of this, Dr. Wilhelm Kroll created a new process that was more conducive for larger projects. This process used magnesium, instead of Hunter’s sodium, as the reducing agent. This process ended up getting named after its founder and is still referred to as the Kroll process.

The Kroll process was a major improvement from Hunter’s, but it still wasn’t perfect. This extraction process left a chloride residue in addition to the fact that it lacked the capability to recover the unreacted magnesium metal. To tackle these contamination issues, the Kroll process is now combined with vacuum distillation. This updated method now acts as the most common way to extract titanium from the ore.

Get Titanium Tubing for Your Next Project Today!

Do you need titanium tubing for your next project? Then contact us! Here at Ferralloy, Inc., we can provide you with the highest quality titanium tubes, rods, bars, wires, and sheet materials at a competitive price and delivered on time. Get a quote for your next project today!

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Alloy Castings | Which Metal Alloys Can Be Used for Cast Parts?

When it comes to metal parts, only a few types of components compare to castings. Castings can be produced with fine detail, thin walls, excellent “as-cast” surface finish, shape into external or internal features, and near-net shapes. Furthermore, cast parts allow customers to money thanks to the minimal use of material, machining, and labor. While the question of whether or not to use castings is easy, it may be difficult to decide on which metal alloy to use for your cast parts. To help you out, we listed out a few of the best materials for alloy castings.

5 Best Materials for Alloy Castings

Casting is a suitable type of metal component for a wide variety of alloys. Here are a few of the best ones:

Aluminum Alloys: The benefits of aluminum castings vary depending on which specific aluminum alloy is used but typically consist of good machinability, weldability, and corrosion resistance.

Carbon Steel Alloys: Cast parts that use carbon steel alloys are known for their hardness and having a fair to good weldability and machinability. However, they are also known to have a poor resistance to corrosion. 

Nickel Alloys: Nickel alloys are used for castings largely due to their benefits that include great oxidation resistance, good weldability, and fair machinability.

Cobalt Alloys: Castings that made out of cobalt alloys possess very good resistance to corrosion as well as great castability.

Stainless Steel Alloys: These alloys often are the best option for cast parts that require resistance to oxidation and corrosion.

No matter which material you choose for your alloy castings, Ferralloy, Inc. can provide you with the finest possible part for your next project. We are experts is all casting process and will offer you with the best process option to ensure that your costs are minimized and quality is never compromised. Contact us today for more information about alloy castings or a personalized quote today!

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Investment Castings | What Is the Vacuum Casting Method?

Investment castings, which are often referred to as lost-wax castings, are metal parts that are produced by the investment casting process. This expendable mold process and the components that it produces is extremely popular for countless applications in numerous industries. This is largely due to the fact that the investment casting process makes it possible to create complex parts with exceptional surface qualities and accuracy in a wide range of materials and sizes. However, if a part requires intricate details or undercuts, the material is reinforced by fiber or wire, or air entrapment is a problem, a specific type of investment casting method is used. This investment casting technique is none other than the vacuum casting method, which produced vacuum castings. What are vacuum castings? Keep reading to find out.

What Are Vacuum Investment Castings?

Vacuum castings are the metal parts that are produced by the vacuum casting method. They are different than typical investment castings due to the technique that is used to create these metal parts. The process begins by placing a two-piece mold in a vacuum chamber. The vacuum then draws the molten metal into the mold. Finally, the casting is solidified in an oven and the mold is removed in order to release the final product.

If you have a project that requires high-quality vacuum investment castings, we can provide them for you. Here at Ferralloy, Inc., we utilize both gravity fed and vacuum casting methods to produce metal components that range in weight from a few ounces up to 75 pounds. Our countless years of experience in both of these methods guarantee that we can supply superior or near net shape parts that require little or no finish work. Get the investment castings that you need, delivered on time and at a competitive price, by contacting us today!

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Steel Castings | Cast Steel vs. Cast Iron

There are few other types of metal components that are as beneficial as castings. Castings offer great design capabilities and produce high quality products that can be used in a wide range of applications for multiple industries.  Cast parts are formed by pouring molten metal into a mold cavity, allowing the metal to cool and solidify, and then removing the finished component from the cavity.  Two of the most popular types of metals that are used to create cast parts are steel and iron. While steel castings and iron castings may appear similar on the surface, each has its own mechanical properties that make them unique. Keep reading to find out which is best suited for your specific application!

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Steel Castings vs. Iron Castings


Both steel and iron have high strength. However, cast iron typically has a better compressive strength than steel.

Corrosion Resistance

Iron has a better resistance to corrosion than steel. That being said, both metals will oxidize and begin to fade away in the presence of moisture. As a result, steel is actually a better option when seeking corrosion resistance because they are better at preventing oxidation.


While the cost for steel castings are initially more expensive than iron castings, they can end up being a more cost effective option when you consider long-term use and replacement costs.

If you are interested in using iron or steel castings for your next project, we can help. At Ferralloy Inc., we specialize in all principle casting methods, including investment, centrifugal, lost foam, lost wax and sand casting. Not to mention, in addition to steel and iron, we can also provide you with parts made out aluminum, cobalt, inconel, and a variety of other high performing alloys. Get the highest quality cast parts delivered on time and at an affordable price by contacting us today!

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Ferralloy, Inc. Ships Seamless Rolled Rings

The company shipped two seamless rolled rings produced from 4140 grade alloy steel to a customer in the industrial processing industry today.  The customer in California is rebuilding a processing equipment machine which required two 78″ OD x 72″ ID x 5″ High machined to size.

Ferralloy, Inc. produced the seamless rolled ring forgings and then machined them on Vertical Turning Lathes to complete the requirement. 

Rolled Ring Forgings are available up to 110″ diameter in rough or finish machined form.


Ferralloy, Inc. Hires Sales Engineer

Cleveland, OH – September 19, 2016 – Ferralloy, Inc. announced today that Christopher J. Perry has joined the company as a Sales Engineer to further develop their growing portfolio of regional and national accounts.

Mr. Perry brings with him almost 10 years  of experience  in the open die and rolled ring forging industries. He will be responsible for further developing the company’s presence in the open die and rolled ring forging business segment.

Perry holds a Bachelors of Arts and Science degree from Miami University in Oxford, Ohio.

Ferralloy, Inc. ( )  is a producer of machined forgings and castings to  the metalworking industry as well as a specialty steels distributor.