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Open Die Forging Aerospace Application

Have you ever heard of the term “smith forging”? Before all the advancements in tools and technology, forging was performed by a smith using an anvil and hammer to produce and create forged metal – hence, the term. Smith forging, commonly known as open die forging, is a process that involves a hammer striking and deforming a workpiece securely attached to a stationary anvil.

What is Open Die Forging?

Why do Aerospace Companies Prefer Open Die Forging?

The Basics

Open die forging involves the process of forging alloys without having to enclose the workpiece throughout the procedure. In this process, it is required that the operator knows the proper position and orientation of the workpiece to achieve the desired shape.

The dies or surfaces are normally flat in shape. However, there are instances when dies with a specific shape are used for specialized forging. For instance, a die may have a convex, concave, or round surface. It may also be a cut-off tool or a device to form holes.

Advantages of Open Die Forging

Aerospace companies consider the advantages of open die forging before choosing this metalworking process to produce aerospace parts and components. Below are the advantages:

  • Superior strength
  • Better-quality grain size
  • Constant grain flow
  • Enhanced microstructure
  • Improved fatigue resistance
  • Reduced chance of voids

Progressive open die forging techniques are capable of creating multiple shapes notwithstanding the large parts and components used. Simple shapes like rounds, ingots, and bars are easier to produce because of the constant grain flow and improved fatigue resistance.

The most common subjects used for smith forging are steel and related alloys. Nonetheless, other metals can be shaped as desired. These metals include titanium, nickel, and copper alloys.

Industrial or Commercial Aerospace Parts

The following are the parts and components used by aerospace industries that were produced and forged through an open die forging method:

  • Shafts
  • Seamless rolled rings (bearings)
  • Rotor/Propeller Parts
  • Landing gear components
  • Flat bar
  • Flanges
  • Disks

What is Open Die Forging?

Learn More About Open Die Forging Applications

At Ferralloy Inc., our commitment to the industrial and commercial sectors has made us grow bigger. We make sure to give more importance to the quality and satisfaction of our clients. Contact us today to speak with an expert!

What is Forged Steel?

Whether you’re going for a walk, heading to your office, or riding a bus on your way home, forged steel always makes its appearance. Steel forgings are made out of alloying carbon and iron. Forged steel is produced under extremely high, yet accurate, pressure. It has better ductility than other manufactured steel, possesses fatigue strength, more tensile, has an advanced grain structure, and has less surface porosity.

What are steel Forgings?

Properties and Types of Forged Steel

Properties

Forgings require unique properties to produce quality products. They are composed of specialized alloys like carbon and stainless steel. This offers incomparable strength for the manufacturer of mechanical and industrial parts.

Furthermore, when it comes to forged steel, it has exceptional properties that make it easier to differentiate from other materials. Therefore, it is mostly used in industrial and mechanical applications for its availability and strength.

The only notable disadvantage when using this metal is the size and thickness restrictions for the steel being forged. The reason for this is justifiable – metal forging is a rather tedious process. Despite the limitation, it is possible to retain the exact consistency in all manufactured forged steel. The steel forging process is accurately measured and quite thorough.

Types

Companies classify steel forgings into three types – cold forged steel, hot forged steel, and hardened forged steel. These types differ depending on the forming pressure and temperature during the making process.

  • Cold Forged Steel – the process is done under temperatures up to 160 ºC.  Typically, the low temperature will account for a smoother surface finish.
  • Hot Forged Steel – the temperature for this technique ranges from 900 ºC to 1300 ºC. The temperature is often above recrystallization to produce materials with good formability.
  • Hardened Forged Steel – the temperature ranges from 750ºC to 950ºC. The materials produced are more versatile but have limited ductility.

What are steel Forgings?

Get Forgings with Outstanding Durability at Ferralloy Inc.

At Ferralloy Inc., our specialists see to it that your products are of first-class and exceptional quality. To know more about the products we offer, contact us today!