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Lubricant Choices in Closed-Die Forging

Closed die forging includes a controlled plastic deformation process of alloys and heated metals to achieve the desired shape. Without an appropriate forging die lubricant, effective and economical closed die forging is unattainable.

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Factors Affecting Closed Die Forging Quality

Factors that Ensure Optimal Life of a Forging Die

The life of a closed die forging is affected by many factors. The most common of which is the proper method of application of die lubricant at appropriate intervals. Likewise, the forging result may also be affected by the reduction of friction during the forging process. Friction can sufficiently be reduced by using suitable die lubricants and polished dies.

Moreso, proper heat treatment, while the forging process is ongoing, is mandatory. The use of protective anti-scale coating will help reduce scaling on critical surface areas of the material. Lastly, using a correct die material and design can make a difference. 

Types of Forging Die Lubricants

There are numerous types of closed die forging lubricants. Manufacturers often used water with soluble oils, graphite, sawdust, or common salt. The use of these types of lubricants offers several benefits to produce quality forging materials. It is economical, eco-friendly, non-polluting, easy to use, and improve the forging die life and productivity. 

Aside from using water and other mixes, closed die forging manufacturers also use oil without graphite, special oil with graphite, or furnace oil. These types require no purchase hassles, they are the least expensive, and they can improve your material’s die life.

Selection of the Right Type

Choosing the right type of closed die forging lubricant will depend on numerous parameters such as complexity of the forging, size, methods of dispensing the oil, pollution control, cost reduction, and depth of die cavity. 

The selection of the best type will require rigid guidelines and several field trials. Hence, the correct procedure of dispensing the lubricant and appropriate type of oil plays a decisive factor in achieving your desired metal shape. 

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Quality Closed Die Forging at Ferralloy

At Ferralloy Inc., we provide furnace components, extrusions, fabrications, fasteners, forgings, and the like with only the best quality. Contact us today!

The Impact Strength of Rolled Ring Forging

Techniques in rolled ring forgings are highly advantageous when working with metal to achieve specific steel shapes. Moreso, these techniques can enhance every metalwork structure, especially that each material can be refined in its smallest size. 

Forging uses ingot as an essential component, and this is exposed in hot deformation to achieve a refined metallurgical structure. However, aside from its ability to produce desired steel shapes with precision, these techniques also have high impact strength, making your metal works worth your investment.

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Benefits Offered by Rolled Ring Forgings

High Impact Strength

As stated earlier, rolled ring forgings produce uniform and predictable grain structure. It has a unique flow characteristic that enables every manufacturer to increase directional and impact strength. 

This forging removes gas pockets or internal voids that tend to deteriorate metal components, providing your metalwork a higher chemical strength. Additionally, forging guarantees excellent grain flow orientation to increase impact strength and maximize fatigue resistance.

Variety of Configurations Used

Even though a wide range of configurations are employed in producing rolled ring forgings, small and intricate shapes are the ones that manufacturers commonly provide. Additionally, the process can also create forged rolled rings that can be more than 9 feet tall. 

It is very versatile when it comes to thickness and height ratio, giving various industries plenty of options to choose from. A piece of specialized processing equipment can make it possible for manufacturers to produce rings with more significant proportions.

The Difference Between Plating and Casting

Compared to plating and casting, rolled ring forgings have fewer sheetings in the metal components without compromising internal quality. Other benefits of using this technique are the following: 

  • Enhanced metallurgical microstructure
  • Intricate cutting processes are not required
  • Improve metallic yield 
  • Better material cost
  • Superior mechanical resistance properties

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Know More About Rolled Ring Forgings

In a gist, these forgings approximately add about a 30% increase in your metalwork’s toughness and strength. Although the initial tooling expenses are higher and more expensive than plating and casting, you are guaranteed that the quality is never compromised. 

At Ferralloy Inc., we only provide excellent quality metalwork and always seek to offer better business cooperation with every customer. Contact us today for more inquiries!

Facts You Need to Know About The Closed Die Forging Presses

Closed die forging is a forging process and sometimes known as impression die forging. This procedure involves two or more dies that comprise a precut profile of the desired component. The heated raw material is placed at the bottom of the die. The dies then move towards each other until the raw material is formed into its required shape and size. Read on to know more about this forging presses.

Advantages of Closed Die Forging Presses

Quality and Efficiency

For industries engaged in manufacturing tools and other parts, a die with a pre-formed impression is required. The company that offers this forging presses likewise offers metal components, tools, and other parts with only the best product quality and efficiency. To meet whatever standard your industry requires mechanical and hydraulic closed die forging presses are enough to surpass your expectations.

Require Less Maintenance

With hydraulic and mechanical forging presses, a metal, alloy, steel, or any type of substance use, different industries may be perfectly built for a specific company need. Additionally, it can even save you more time and money, and it requires less maintenance.

Strong and Durable

In terms of strength and durability, the finished products of the forging presses come first. Because of the advancement in internal structure, the continuity of the grain is maintained. If you’re interested in producing high-performance products that are both strong and durable, use this forging manufacturing technique.

Rejection Rate is Low

If the raw material is of good quality, this forging can create parts that have no internal defects and excellent mechanical properties. This translates into low rejection rates and more economic advantage.

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In Need of a Closed Die Forging?

If you are looking for a closed die forging that will surpass your expectations, get in touch with Ferralloy Inc. today. Our commitment to high-quality engineered products and services is evident from our diverse metalworking customer base. We guarantee that your business interests are upheld at all costs. Request an appointment today!

Precision of the Lost Wax Casting Process

A casting investment is often resorted to because it can produce metal components with near-net shape, thin walls, precise shape into external or internal features, exceptional surface finish, and can produce fine details.

This normally results in highly satisfactory customer cost savings in machining, labor, and materials. One of the processes often used to get an accurate casting is the lost wax casting. Read on to know more.

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How Precise is the Lost Wax Casting Investment Process?

What is the Lost Wax Process?

In lost wax casting investment, a specific and general wax pattern of the preferred finished part is produced and mounted onto a wax tree. This first process involves the use of the metal delivery system. The wax tree is interchangeably plunged into a ceramic substance and topped with a stucco material. After this, it is left to dry out, and the process is repeated until a thick shell is achieved.

Once the shell is achieved, it is then melted out, creating a cavity in the form of the preferred pattern. The molten metal is then poured in such an area until it is filled. After the molten metal solidifies, the thick shell is fragmented, and the gating material is detached. The remaining parts are the finished product.

What are the Characteristics of the Lost Wax Process?

The distinctive characteristics of the lost wax casting investment are accurate tolerances and low roughness values. Moreover, considerable autonomy exists in both material choice and product design.

Accurate castings are usually applied in areas where high-quality metal components are demanded. For example, finished products brought by the lost wax process are often used in areas with substantial temperature differences and hostile or aggressive environments. Additionally, because of high and specific demands, unique and rare alloys are commonly used for these castings.

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Specializing in Lost Wax Casting Investment

To get the most out of your purchase or investment, you must use the services of companies that specialize in the lost wax process. On the other hand, you can simply seek companies that will do the job of looking for specialized companies that produce high-quality and high precision metal finishes. At Ferralloy Inc., we guarantee that only the best products are provided and offered for you to choose from. Contact us today!

How are Seamless Rolled Rings Used in Aerospace Industry?

Seamless rolled rings come in a variety of sizes and shapes depending on what they are being used for. They are typically rolled by a process called ring rolling. Ring rolling is done on rolling mills. They can be produced in configurations ranging from flat, washer-like parts to tall, cylindrical shapes, with heights ranging from less than an inch to more than 9 feet. Additionally, these rings are now used in the aerospace industry. Below are the facts you need to know.

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Aerospace Industry and Seamless Rolled Rings

How are they Linked?

The aerospace industry is that type of industry that leaves unequivocally zero room for error. It requires impeccable precision and precise tolerance. Discs, forging rings, and seamless rolled rings to aid in powering helicopter rotor and jet engine assemblies. More so, the forged rings offer greater strength than a flame-cut plate, castings, or weldments, creating them to have the ideal fit for aerospace companies. 

How does Seamless Rolled Ring Forging Work?

The process of producing seamless rolled ring forging begins with a circular preform of metal that was previously upset and pierced through the open die forging process to create a hollow donut-shaped component. The heat that is above the recrystallization temperature is applied to the donut before it is placed on the mandrel or idler roll. The donut is continuously rotated as the idler roll is moving under pressure toward a drive roll. As the donut is being rotated, its wall thickness is being reduced and its diameters are being increased.

Benefits of Seamless Rolled Rings

Seamless rolled rings have been used by different industries for a number of reasons. Some of the common reasons are a broader range of materials, better performance under heat, reduced costs, and greater strength. These rings can be created from a lot of forgeable materials, including aerospace metals, carbon, stainless steel, and alloy. Additionally, unlike the other ring components, it is easier to predict how these rings will react. Furthermore, these rings can maintain their strength despite the fluctuating temperature.

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Do You Need More Information About Seamless Rolled Rings?

If you’re curious to know more about the benefits that seamless rolled rings forging has in store for you, contact us today!

Castings Investment | The Value of Castings Investment

Is your current metalworking process hampered by component variance and additional cost? Perhaps you should consider switching to castings investment so that you can add more value to your project. Its manufacturing process is nothing short of versatile because it allows you to create a wide range of metal parts with various applications in many industries.

What are the Disadvantages of Secondary Operations?

Technically functioning parts can be produced by casting pieces and machining from solid. However, such secondary operations can be very inefficient when they’re being compared to investment casting. Factors such as production timeline, cost, and the required performance of the specific component need to be considered. For this reason, most manufacturers choose to steer clear of secondary operations that can negatively affect the speed-to-market, as well as part performance.

What are the Advantages of Investment Casting?

On the other hand, the investment casting process can offer near-net-shape or net-shape components without taking a lot of time. With the help of the latest software technology, manufacturers can make sure that the intricately detailed parts will come out mechanically sound even before the molten metal is poured into the mold. Furthermore, this metalworking method gives engineers and designers free rein while eliminating material waste that usually results from secondary machining.

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A Closer Look at the Value of Castings Investment 

The process involved in creating castings investment allows manufacturers to achieve repeatability and reduction or elimination of various downstream operations. Furthermore, this will further reduce loops for reworking the parts and streamlines the process of delivery from the manufacturers to the various industries they serve. While you satisfy your customers’ requirements, you’ll also get to experience the benefits of one of the most optimized and repeatable precision metal processes in all of history. If you want to know more about castings investment, call Ferralloy, Inc. today. We’re the leading global supplier of engineered products and services and we offer total supply chain management to a diverse metalworking customer base.

Investment Casting | How the Investment Casting Process Works

Did you know that investment casting technique dates back over 5,000 years ago? This makes it one of the oldest ways to form metal. Furthermore, this is used in a wide variety of items including dental fixtures, jewelry, airplanes, cars, and other parts of complex geometry. However, if you’re curious to find out how to create a mold for investment casting, take a closer look at the entire process.

Investment Casting 101: The Process

In order to begin the process, hot molten wax is injected into an aluminum die to create wax patterns. Doing so will set the pattern to the size and shape of the required component. The wax pattern is then assembled onto a wax feeder system with each wax assembly resembling a ‘tree-like’ structure.

Next is the investment stage where a large robot dips the wax assembly into a bath of high-grade ceramic slurry. To build up a thicker coating, larger ceramic particles are dropped onto the surface of the wax assembly while it is still wet. After everything has dried, the coating or ‘investment’ process is repeated for a number of times in order to build a 10mm-thick shell mold.

Once the final mold is dried, the ‘lost wax process’ ensues where a steam autoclave is used to melt out the wax. During this stage, the mold is fired at approximately 1,000˚C with the goal of strengthening the mold by removing all traces of any remaining wax.

While they are still hot, molten metal is poured into these molds. The heat enables the metal to run even into its thin wall sections of the hollow shell. After leaving them to cool off, the ceramic shell is broken up and the casting is cut away from the feeder system. Lastly, the castings are then submitted to careful fettling, blasting, and heat treatment.

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Looking for More Information About an Investment Casting?

When it comes to investment casting, Ferralloy, Inc. is an expert with over a decade of providing the global metalworking industry with castings and other related products and services. Contact us today to learn more!

Closed Die Forging | All About the Closed Die Forging Process

In case you’re not familiar, forging refers to the manufacturing process that involves the shaping of a piece of metal with the use of compressive forces. A power hammer or a die delivers the blows. Today, it has become a major worldwide industry and its traditional products include hardware, kitchenware, cymbals, edged weapons, hand tools, and jewelry.

 

What is Closed Die Forging?

 

Sometimes referred to as impression-die forging, this type of forging process uses dies that have the precut profile of the desired part. These dies move towards each other and partially or wholly covers the metal piece. The raw material that’s been heated is positioned in the bottom die. The shape of the forging as a negative image is incorporated in the top or bottom die. When the top die presses against the bottom die, the raw material forms into the desired shape. In case you’re wondering, this process can be used to produce parts from a few ounces to 60,000 lbs. You may also be surprised to find out that some of these smaller parts are forged cold.

 

What Are its Capabilities?

 

Closed Die Forging of steel, titanium, aluminum, and other alloys can create a virtually limitless variety of 3-dimensional shapes that weigh from a few ounces up to over 25 tons. While closed die forges that are routinely produced on hydraulic presses have capacities up to 50,000 tons, those that were produced on mechanical presses have capacities up to 20,000 tons. Lastly, those that were regularly produced via hammers have capacities up to 50,000 lbs.

 

Since this type of forging process restricts metal flow due to the presence of the die contours, you won’t be surprised to know that Closed Die Forging can yield more complex shapes as well as closer tolerances compared to the open-die forging process. However, it’s important to note that if additional flexibility is required in forming symmetrical and non-symmetrical shapes, pre-forming operations that involve bending will have to be implemented on the piece of metal before it is forged in finisher dies.

Where are the best forgings?

Closed Die Forging  

Since Ferralloy is a trusted supplier of engineered products and services to a wide range of industries across the globe, we can give you straight answers about Closed Die Forging or anything that’s related to metal production. Contact us today!

 

 

Forgings | The Different Types of Forgings

Forgings are an important part of any job site and will continue to be well into the future. Forged parts are durable, resistant to heat, and can be made from many different materials that also have a lot of wonderful qualities.

Closed Die

Closed die forging is another popular technique for creating the metal components you need. The process starts when two dies are put together and the material is put through the deformation process until it touches the sides of the die walls. Following that, a small amount of material will begin to flow out of the die impression gradually. When these cool, it provides increased resistance to the deformation process.

Rolled Ring

Rolled ring forging is used to create rings that are very strong, extremely versatile, and cost-effective. These parts are used in everything from jet engines, jet turbines, paper mills, windmills, helicopter gearboxes, and much more. Given how heat resistant the products of this process are, they are used in environments that see not only extreme temperatures but also a wide variety of temperatures. A lot of parts cannot stand up to quick and extreme temperature changes, but things made from rolled ring forging can withstand it.

Open Die

Open die forging involves deforming metal components by heating them between a top die attached to a ram and a bottom die. The metals are then worked at temperatures between 500- and 2400-degrees Fahrenheit. The metal is formed by pressing or hammering the metal into the desired shape. This process usually requires some additional refining, which might drive the cost up a little.

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Looking for More Information About Forgings?

When it comes to looking for the best forgings on the market, you’ll need a seller that is informed. If you’re looking for more information about forgings, contact us today. Ferralloy is here to help you get the proper components for your next job.

Heat Treating Baskets | The Benefits of Using the Right Heat-Treating Basket

The heat-treating process is one of the most important steps in preparing components to be used on job sites. One crucial piece of the process is the heat treating baskets. These baskets are often overlooked but play arguably the most important part of the process.

What is a Heat-Treating Basket?

A heat-treating basket is used in the heat-treating process. It is what the components that are about to be heat treated get put onto before being exposed to the extreme heat. Depending on what kind of treatment they are getting, it will vary for how long these baskets need to be exposed to the heat. Normally, these baskets break down quickly and can only be used a couple of times before they are completely broken down.

Benefits of a Better Basket

Typically, the average treating basket is designed to break down. Due to the extreme environments that they are constantly exposed to in the heat-treating process, manufacturers usually do not try to create something that lasts. But by doing that, you are already tacking a lot onto the final cost of the project because of all the baskets you will have to buy. Our heat-treating baskets are designed to last longer so you can get the most out of them without re-buying them constantly or having them break down mid-project.

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Looking for the Best Heat Treating Baskets on the Market?

If you’ve been looking for the best heat treating baskets that are second to none, then you need to contact us today. Ferralloy only carries the highest-quality baskets that are made to last longer than the average piece of equipment. Save yourself from constantly re-buying heat treating baskets by picking up the phone and getting in contact with one of our sales representatives today.