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The History of Forging

Ever wondered how open die and closed die forging began? The art of forging emerged around 4,000 B.C. – some even say that it began way before this time. Metals like iron and bronze were forged to produce hand tools and other weapons for defense. However, the earliest recorded metal forged by early generations was made out of gold. If you want to know more about the history of forging, please read on.

closed die forging

Centuries of Forging Developments

Before the 19th Century

Limited amounts of natural gold were found in Spanish caves and were said to be used as tools and weapons in the late Paleolithic period. The forging of steel and iron continued in the 19th century and its improvements became the pillars of what has become of today’s forging processes.

19th Century

Forgers and other experts on the forging process were specifically skilled at hand, especially when it comes to open die and closed die forgings. Since bent and twisted iron can only be produced in high heat, the forgers became dexterous in hammer welding and several large shaft forgings.

In 1856, the emergence of the Bessemer steel-making process became a breakthrough in the history of the forging process. People now have an abundant supply of low-cost steel for creating and designing large quantities of forgings.

Historians say that the first cavity steel forging began with the help of the closed die process. It commenced in the United Stated in 1862.

20th Century

The Industrial Revolution and World War II both lead to the development of better forging equipment and processes. Eventually, electrical motors and induction heaters enabled forged rolled rings to be produced quicker, easier, and more effectively than ever before.

closed die forging

Know More About Closed Die Forging

Clearly, forgings have come a long way since 4,000 B.C. Start using the modern power of forged rolled rings for your next project by contacting our accommodating staff at Ferralloy Inc.

Open Die Forging Aerospace Application

Have you ever heard of the term “smith forging”? Before all the advancements in tools and technology, forging was performed by a smith using an anvil and hammer to produce and create forged metal – hence, the term. Smith forging, commonly known as open die forging, is a process that involves a hammer striking and deforming a workpiece securely attached to a stationary anvil.

What is Open Die Forging?

Why do Aerospace Companies Prefer Open Die Forging?

The Basics

Open die forging involves the process of forging alloys without having to enclose the workpiece throughout the procedure. In this process, it is required that the operator knows the proper position and orientation of the workpiece to achieve the desired shape.

The dies or surfaces are normally flat in shape. However, there are instances when dies with a specific shape are used for specialized forging. For instance, a die may have a convex, concave, or round surface. It may also be a cut-off tool or a device to form holes.

Advantages of Open Die Forging

Aerospace companies consider the advantages of open die forging before choosing this metalworking process to produce aerospace parts and components. Below are the advantages:

  • Superior strength
  • Better-quality grain size
  • Constant grain flow
  • Enhanced microstructure
  • Improved fatigue resistance
  • Reduced chance of voids

Progressive open die forging techniques are capable of creating multiple shapes notwithstanding the large parts and components used. Simple shapes like rounds, ingots, and bars are easier to produce because of the constant grain flow and improved fatigue resistance.

The most common subjects used for smith forging are steel and related alloys. Nonetheless, other metals can be shaped as desired. These metals include titanium, nickel, and copper alloys.

Industrial or Commercial Aerospace Parts

The following are the parts and components used by aerospace industries that were produced and forged through an open die forging method:

  • Shafts
  • Seamless rolled rings (bearings)
  • Rotor/Propeller Parts
  • Landing gear components
  • Flat bar
  • Flanges
  • Disks

What is Open Die Forging?

Learn More About Open Die Forging Applications

At Ferralloy Inc., our commitment to the industrial and commercial sectors has made us grow bigger. We make sure to give more importance to the quality and satisfaction of our clients. Contact us today to speak with an expert!

Forging Inconel Alloys

Corrosion is one of the biggest and most common problems faced by industries using forged materials. To avoid this concern, manufacturers ventured into using Inconel alloys. It turned out to be useful and effective. Hence, Inconel alloys are still widely used by forging industries to produce quality and oxidation-resistant end products.

 

What is Inconel?

Inconel® Properties and Applications

What is Inconel?

Inconel is a nickel component. It contains iron and chromium and is often resilient to high temperatures and corrosion, making it a good forging material. The only downside is that it’s not that affordable to produce. While it is consistent and hard-wearing, it is one of the more expensive materials you can use.

However, it is worth the cost since it can produce extremely tough materials. More so, it does not easily break down or falter.

What Makes Inconel Alloys So Exceptional?

Inconel alloys can preserve their structural formation despite being exposed to high temperatures. Aside from this, it can also resist oxidation. Inconel alloys are extensively used by industries that need material properties that do not easily yield to stress-corrosion cracking, high purity water corrosion, or caustic corrosion.

Although every Inconel variety has distinctive traits that make it functional in diverse situations, the majority of these alloys are applied or used by chemical industries. For example, Inconel 718 is repeatedly used in the aerospace industry such as rocket motors and spacecraft. On the other hand, Inconel 600 and 601 are exceptional tools in the food processing and chemical industries.

What is Inconel?

What are Inconel 600, 601, and 718?

Inconel 600 a nickel-chromium alloy with stable high-temperature oxidation resistance. It is also resistant to chloride-ion, stress-corrosion cracking, corrosion by high-purity, water, and caustic corrosion.

In contrast, Inconel 601 also has the same properties and use as that of the Inconel 600, the only difference is that it has additions of aluminum. Lastly, Inconel 718 is a corrosion-resistant nickel material that’s known for its excellent rupture strength, fatigue, and tensile.

Irrespective of the type of Inconel material you’re looking for, you’ll be able to find the Inconel alloys you are looking for at Ferralloy Inc. We are a quality-driven organization committed to process improvement and customer satisfaction.

Tips When Looking for a Forging Manufacturer

Over the years, the forging industry has massively evolved. The use of different techniques and processes in forgings gave rise to various applications in construction, agriculture, automotive, machinery, and so much more. Below are the tips you may want to consider in looking for a forging supplier or manufacturer.

who offers seamless rolled ring forging? 

Guide in Choosing a Forging Manufacturer or Supplier

Know Which Type You Want

Forgings have two most popular forms. These are open die forging and closed die forging. Although both originated in the fundamental forging process that involves beating a piece of metal until the desired shape, strength, and granular level is achieved, these two processes have differences.

Choosing a Company That Delivers On-Time

Did you know that your success as a company depends on the complex relationships that make up your supply chain? Be sure that your supplier supports your success and delivers on-time, all the time. A delay in the delivery will make things complicated and may even compromise your production.

Fact Check of the Company’s History and Reputation

Sellers and manufacturers aren’t hard to find. Some companies focus on low-cost and low-quality solutions. Hence, you can immediately spot them as their products fail to stand the test of time. 

Thus, it’s essential to look for a reputable supplier with a proven history of producing forgings that offer high quality and durability. Your reputation in the industry is at stake if you fail to choose companies that provide quality forgings.

Look for Any Certification

The supplier or manufacturer you chose to provide you with forgings must adhere to industry standards and specifications. In this way, produce durable and resilient forgings that can withstand extreme temperature, pressure, or adverse weather conditions.  

Certified suppliers and manufacturers maintain data-driven systems that are continuously audited. Aside from the fact that they quickly address quality issues by creating quality improvement plans, they also conduct subsequent reviews to monitor and evaluate these plans’ effectiveness.

where is the best closed die forging? 

Get Quality Forgings at Ferralloy!

Having achieved ISO 9001 certification in both locations, we are a quality-driven organization committed to process improvement and customer satisfaction. Contact us today!

Materials and Processes in Seamless Rolled Ring Forging

Several industries have used carbon steel forgings, whether you are aware of it or not. Such material has a variety of uses and comes in 4 different grades with different purposes to achieve the desired product. Numerous industries use the method called seamless rolled ring forging to produce a material of high quality and durability.

who offers the best seamless rolled rings forging?

Material and Process of Seamless Rolled Ring Forging

The Process

To start the forging process, a circular metal component will be pierced to create a hollow ring that somewhat looks like a doughnut. Upon the creation of an empty piece, the ring is then handled and processed to recrystallization temperatures. After the recrystallization process, it is then placed onto the idler roll. Once it is under pressure, it will be positioned towards the drive roll.

Additionally, a seamless rolled ring forging may be manufactured using numerous variants of configurations. Whether it is a small washer-like part or tall cylindrical shape part, the rings are regularly in a rectangular cross-section shape. What’s more is that whether you want a customized or convoluted shape, these types of rings may be produced through the use of shaping tools.

The Material

The notable aspect of a seamless rolled ring forging is that it is dependent on the material used. In every tool or metal component manufacturing industry, hardness, strength, and the ability to resist wear and tear are the most vital factors that need focus.

Among the three elements, the most important is the ability to withstand wear and tear since several of these products are used in engines and machines. These tools and components must be able to sustain heat as these are exposed to high temperatures.

As for the two factors, both hardness and strength are critical in the material. Most of these products are used by industries engaged in heavy-duty methods and processes. Thus, the tools and components must be strong enough to withstand collision and impact.

where is the best seamless rolled ring forging?

Get Quality Seamless Rolled Ring Forging Materials

At Ferralloy Inc., we offer competitively priced and engineered metal products to companies throughout the world. Contact us now for more inquiries!

How Accurate is Investment Casting?

Investment casting is one of the first and most common types of metal components. The procedure to create these components involves pouring molten metal into a ceramic mold. The metal solidifies within the mold, and then the metal casting is broken out. Industries that focus on food equipment, railroad, heat treating, steel production and processing, coal mining, road construction, oil, aerospace, aircraft, and other countless industries discovered the benefits of this type of casting.

where is the best investment casting?

Accuracy of Investment Casting

Near Net Shape

Investment casting is extremely accurate and near net shape. Since metal components are created by using the same wax pattern, this accuracy can be maintained from casting to casting. Additionally, this process uses stainless steel, aluminum alloy, titanium alloy, or superalloy to create and yield precise metal components that can withstand high and low temperatures.

Additionally, near net shape manufacturing is an ideal solution for those wanting to save money as much as possible. This is because near-net-shape manufacturing does not require finishing steps. So, when you do not need any time for machining done, you can save on production costs.

Intricate Design

When using investment casting, engineers can design and create a lot to customize your product. Logos, product ID’s or numbers, letters, thru-holes, slots, blind holes, external and internal splines, gears, and thread profiles are just some of the intricacies that can be done.

Guarantees Product Quality

To ensure product quality, investment casting uses different methods such as coordinate measuring, ultrasonic, and dye penetrant. These methods will be used according to where the metal components will be used. Dye penetrant testing is a nondestructive method, and it includes cleaning the surface of a product, then applying a colored penetrant, or dye.

Ultrasonic testing is also nondestructive testing that works by sending high-frequency wavelengths through an object to detect cracks and other possible flaws. Lastly, coordinate measuring uses a probing system in the machine, and data collection allows for precision, which results in durability.

where can I get the best investment casting?

Where to Look for Investment Casting

It is important to ensure that any exact measurements are achieved in machined investment casting. At Ferralloy Inc., we have the experience and authority to provide this service and product to you. Contact us today!

Comparing Die Casting and Investment Casting Methods

Die casting, and investment casting are 2 of the foremost important types of casting. Die casting is a method wherein molten metal is created and formed into a mold cavity by way of enforcing high pressure. On the other side, investment casting is a process that involves the injection of wax into the aluminum cavity. Both die casting and investment castings have different advantages and disadvantages. Read on to know more.

where are the best investment castings?

How Does Die Casting Differ from Investment Casting?

Die Casting

As stated earlier, die casting differ from investment castings in such a way that the former involves a metal casting procedure. It is categorized by the use of a mold cavity to apply high pressure to the molten metal. These molds are then machined, designed, and created from higher strength alloys. Additionally, the majority of die castings are iron-free.

Among the notable advantages that clients opt to choose to die castings over investment castings are the following: it has an exceptional economic effect, high productivity, and creates good product quality.

Investment Castings

Investment castings involve an exact and strict casting process through the use of the lost-wax process to create components in the metal cast alloys. This process is known to be very accurate, creating components with accurate dimensions and smooth surface finishes. With this process, the machining and finishing processes are reduced. Thus, it will be more cost-effective without even compromising the quality. The only downside when choosing investment casting is that it is more expensive than sand casting.

Other Differences

Casting predominantly includes special casting and sand casting. Investment casting is included under special casting while die casting is considered pressure casting, which is another major type with the same level as investment castings. As for the cost, die casting costs are higher than investment casting since the former involves post-processing operations and high-processing costs. However, when large production is needed, die casting is recommended because investment casting is a manual process that requires more time and cost.

who sells the best investment castings?

Where to Get Die Casting or Investment Castings?

If you’re planning to get components or materials that underwent die casting or investment casting process, contact Ferralloy today for more inquiries!

Ring Rolled | Explaining the Rolled Ring Process

When it comes to modern job sites, it takes many different materials and parts to get the job done. Ring rolled products are a common component in most machinery and more.

The First Steps

First, the starting stock is rounded and cut to size by weight. It is then upset to reach the intended integrity and directional grain flow. After that, the workpiece is punched and pierced to begin the ring rolling process. After the workpiece is pierced, it is ready to be placed on the ring mill to be rolling.

Finishing the Product

Once the workpiece is placed on the ring mill, the ring rolling process begins. The idler roll applies pressure against the drive roll. Slowly, the ring diameters are increased as continues pressure is applied. This reduces the wall thickness. The axial rolls are what controls the height as it is being rolled. This process is continued until the desired size and specifications are reached.

Benefits of Rolled Ring Forgings

There are a lot of benefits to this method of forging. One of the most notable ones is how strong the final process is. The rings produced are stronger than other parts because they can maintain their strength high-temperature environments. They are cost effective too. There is less machining involved, which cuts down on costs. You can also use a wide range of materials to produce these rings. Allot, stainless steel, carbon, and aerospace metals are all materials that can be used.

What is ring rolled products?

Looking for More Information on Ring Rolled Products?

Have you been looking for more information about ring rolled products? If so, contact us today. Ferralloy is here to assist you in finding the products you need to be successful.

Open Die Forging | What You Need to Know About Open Die Forging

When it comes to the forging process, there are many different types. One of the more popular types used to create parts that are used in your everyday life is through open die forging.

The Process

The open die forging process is a popular and effective way to produce the parts that you need and use on a daily basis. The process itself consists of deforming metal parts by heating them between a top die attached to a ram and bottom die. Depending on what type of metal is used, it will be exposed to temperatures that range between 500 °F to 2400 °F while slowly shaping the metal into the desired shape. This is done through pressing and/or hammering the metal into place. The process usually requires a secondary machine or refining in order to reach the desired specifications.

The Benefits and Applications

Even though parts created through open die forging usually require secondary machining, it is still a popular process that sees results. Parts created by open die forging are:

  • Discs
  • Rings
  • Sleeves
  • Shafts
  • Cylinders
  • And more

The biggest benefit of this type of forging is that the repeated working of the metal increases its strength and grain structure of the finished product. Parts made by this type of forging are tough and last long. They are resistant to fatigue and typically have a lower number of voids compared to other processes.

Where can I find the best open die forgings?

Looking for More Information About Open Die Forging?

Have you been looking for more information about open die forging, the process, or it’s practical applications? If so, contact us today. Ferralloy is here to help you find what you need for your next project.

Forgings | Types of Forgings and Their Benefits

When it comes to the forging process, there are several different methods. Forgings are a popular way to make the metal components you need for projects that require strong and heat resistant parts.

Rolled Ring

Rolled ring forging is used to create rings that are very strong, extremely versatile, and cost-effective. These parts are used in everything from jet engines, jet turbines, paper mills, windmills, helicopter gearboxes, and much more. Given how heat resistant the products of this process are, they are used in environments that see not only extreme temperatures but also a wide variety of temperatures. A lot of parts cannot stand up to quick and extreme temperature changes, but things made from rolled ring forging can withstand it.

Open Die

Open die forging involves deforming metal components by heating them between a top die attached to a ram and a bottom die. The metals are then worked at temperatures between 500- and 2400-degrees Fahrenheit. The metal is formed by pressing or hammering the metal into the desired shape. This process usually requires some additional refining, which might drive the cost up a little.

Closed Die

Closed die forging is another popular technique for creating the metal components you need. The process starts when two dies are put together and the material is put through the deformation process until it touches the sides of the die walls. Following that, a small amount of material will begin to flow out of the die impression gradually. When these cool, it provides an increased resistance to the deformation process.

What are forgings

Looking for More Information About Forgings?

Have you been looking for more information about forgings and what they can do on your next project? If so, contact us today. Ferralloy has been providing for a global customer base for 40 years and looks forward to assisting you.