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Titanium Tubing | Facts About Titanium

Titanium is the 9th most abundant element in the earth’s crust and is the 4th most abundant metallic element. It is a popular element used in the tubing and forging industries. Let’s take a look at some other facts about titanium and titanium tubing.

Titanium Facts

  • The element titanium is named after the Titans in mythology. In Greek mythology, the Titans were the gods of Earth.
  • Titanium was discovered in 1791 by William Gregor. Gregor was a pastor in a village in South Cornwall of the United Kingdom called Manaccan. He originally gave it a different name however, calling it manaccanite.
  • The name titanium was given to the element by German chemist Martin Heinrich Klaproth in 1795 after he independently discovered it. Gregor was credited with the initial discovery, but Heinrich was credited with the name.
  • Titanium is an abundant element. It is found naturally in humans, plants, seawater, on the Moon, in meteors, and in the Sun and other stars.
  • Titanium has an incredibly high strength to weight ratio. It is 60 times denser than aluminum but is twice as strong. It has the comparable strength of steel but is 45% lighter.
  • Titanium also has a high corrosion resistance. It is estimated that it would take 4,000 years in seawater to corrode to the thickness of a piece of paper.

Are You Looking for Titanium Tubing?

When it comes to all things titanium, at Ferralloy we have you covered. Whether it’s titanium tubing, or anything else titanium related, we have what you need for your next project. Contact us today to learn more.

 

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Titanium Tubing | What is the History of Titanium?

Do you know the history of titanium and titanium tubing? Keep reading to learn the entire backstory of this essential metal!

The History of Titanium

Titanium’s history begins around 1790, when an ore of titanium was discovered in England and named after “Titan”, the Greek God of enormous strength. It took a while, 120 years after its initial discovery in fact, but in 1910 a process to extract the metal from the ore was finally developed.

This process was created by M.A. Hunter and made it possible for titanium to be used as an alloying agent for steel production. It involved mixing TiO2 with coke and chlorine and heating it to produce TiCl4. Sodium would then be used to reduce the TiCl4.

While the Hunter process proved to be a great way to extract Titanium from the ore, it was not feasible for large scale manufacturing efforts. Because of this, Dr. Wilhelm Kroll created a new process that was more conducive for larger projects. This process used magnesium, instead of Hunter’s sodium, as the reducing agent. This process ended up getting named after its founder and is still referred to as the Kroll process.

The Kroll process was a major improvement from Hunter’s, but it still wasn’t perfect. This extraction process left a chloride residue in addition to the fact that it lacked the capability to recover the unreacted magnesium metal. To tackle these contamination issues, the Kroll process is now combined with vacuum distillation. This updated method now acts as the most common way to extract titanium from the ore.

Get Titanium Tubing for Your Next Project Today!

Do you need titanium tubing for your next project? Then contact us! Here at Ferralloy, Inc., we can provide you with the highest quality titanium tubes, rods, bars, wires, and sheet materials at a competitive price and delivered on time. Get a quote for your next project today!

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