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Forging Inconel Alloys

Corrosion is one of the biggest and most common problems faced by industries using forged materials. To avoid this concern, manufacturers ventured into using Inconel alloys. It turned out to be useful and effective. Hence, Inconel alloys are still widely used by forging industries to produce quality and oxidation-resistant end products.

 

What is Inconel?

Inconel® Properties and Applications

What is Inconel?

Inconel is a nickel component. It contains iron and chromium and is often resilient to high temperatures and corrosion, making it a good forging material. The only downside is that it’s not that affordable to produce. While it is consistent and hard-wearing, it is one of the more expensive materials you can use.

However, it is worth the cost since it can produce extremely tough materials. More so, it does not easily break down or falter.

What Makes Inconel Alloys So Exceptional?

Inconel alloys can preserve their structural formation despite being exposed to high temperatures. Aside from this, it can also resist oxidation. Inconel alloys are extensively used by industries that need material properties that do not easily yield to stress-corrosion cracking, high purity water corrosion, or caustic corrosion.

Although every Inconel variety has distinctive traits that make it functional in diverse situations, the majority of these alloys are applied or used by chemical industries. For example, Inconel 718 is repeatedly used in the aerospace industry such as rocket motors and spacecraft. On the other hand, Inconel 600 and 601 are exceptional tools in the food processing and chemical industries.

What is Inconel?

What are Inconel 600, 601, and 718?

Inconel 600 a nickel-chromium alloy with stable high-temperature oxidation resistance. It is also resistant to chloride-ion, stress-corrosion cracking, corrosion by high-purity, water, and caustic corrosion.

In contrast, Inconel 601 also has the same properties and use as that of the Inconel 600, the only difference is that it has additions of aluminum. Lastly, Inconel 718 is a corrosion-resistant nickel material that’s known for its excellent rupture strength, fatigue, and tensile.

Irrespective of the type of Inconel material you’re looking for, you’ll be able to find the Inconel alloys you are looking for at Ferralloy Inc. We are a quality-driven organization committed to process improvement and customer satisfaction.

Open Die Forging | Closed Die Forging vs. Open Die Forging

The forging industry has come a long way from using inefficient processes and antiquated applications. Today, we see forging engineering in various industries including machinery, construction, automotive, agricultural, oilfield equipment, and so much more. Although there are numerous options for metal deformation using the forging concept, the most widely-applied processes are closed and Open Die Forging.

 

The Difference Between Closed and Open Die Forging

 

  • Closed die forging is also called impression die forging. It’s a process that involves the compression of a piece of metal under high pressure in order to fill an enclosed die impression for the required shapes. Sometimes, a second forging operation is needed to achieve the shapes’ proper dimensions. Among the factors that determine the cost of a closed die forged part are the type of material, the need for heat treatment, and the tightness of tolerances.

 

In terms of application, closed die forging is commonly used for small critical parts such as forged fittings, forged automotive parts, forged lifting and rigging hardware, etc. because of its high precision. Its benefits include better surface finish, it requires little or no machining, no material limitation, cost-effective for large production runs, and the dimensions of net shapes and tighter tolerances are highly achievable.

 

  • Open die forging is also known as free forging or smith forging. It refers to the process of deforming a workpiece by placing it in between dies that are usually flat and don’t completely enclose the material. Through a series of continuous movements, the dies hammer the metal until the required shape is formed. This process is used for simple products in small quantities such as cylinders, rings, discs, and shafts.

 

This forging technique is found to be more appropriate for large parts in a number of tons. Examples of these parts include forged rollers, forged long shafts, and forged cylinders. The benefits of Open Die Forging include cost savings, minimal material waste, reduced chances of voids, reduced lead time, little or no tooling cost, finer grain size, continuous grain flow, longer part life, increased part strength, improved microstructure, and better fatigue resistance.

Open Die Forging

Ferroalloy is a reliable comprehensive engineering resource that offers total supply chain management to a diverse customer base on a global scale. If you want to gain a deeper insight between closed and Open Die Forging, contact us today.

Heat Treating Baskets | The 3 Different Heat Treatment Processes

For hundreds of years, people have been heat-treating metals for the purpose of improving their physical and chemical properties to fit a given application. However, we’ve come a long way since the blacksmiths of the middle ages forged and tempered metals to produce tools for everyday life. Today, material engineers and metallurgists use more specialized techniques and tools such as Heat-Treating Baskets to customize materials for definite applications.

 

The 3 Major Heat Treatment Processes

 

  1. Hardening

 

This process involves the heating of steel at a specific temperature until its pearlite is transformed into austenite before it is rapidly quenched in water or oil. The appropriate temperature at which the transformation quickly takes place is highly dependent upon the steel’s carbon content. For the core to be fully transformed into austenite, the heating time must be increased. In case you’re wondering, the hardened steel part’s microstructure us martensite, ferrite, or cementite.

 

  1. Tempering

 

When steel that has both been quenched and hardened for a period of time prior to being heated, the process involved would be tempering. The temperature at which this process is carried out is a critical factor that dictates the hardness and strength that is obtained. For example, high temperatures will produce high ductility, but low in hardness and strength. Conversely, low temperatures will result in low ductility, but high in hardness and strength. It’s extremely important to select the appropriate tempering temperature to achieve the desired level of hardness and strength. Tempering is performed on carbon steels that have been hardened to reduce their brittleness.

 

  1. Annealing

 

When steel is treated up to high temperature then cooled very slowly to room temperature to produce its high ductility and strength, but low in hardness, the process of annealing is being applied. In other words, annealing is performed by heating a component to the appropriate temperature before it soaks it at room temperature. The furnace is then shut off while the piece of steel is inside it.

 What are forgings

Are You Looking to Find Heat-Treating Baskets?

 Heat-Treating Baskets are crucial pieces of any kind of heat-treating process. Only Ferralloy offers high-quality baskets that are second to none. Contact us today!

 

 

Titanium Fasteners | Benefits of Titanium vs Other Materials

There are many different metals that can be used in an industrial setting, but the best is titanium. Titanium fasteners, tubing, and bolts are just a few things the material can be made in to. It can be used to make many different types of parts and has tons of benefits. As a result, there are many different parts that titanium can be used for.

Usually Maintenance Free

Given that titanium’s oxide layer protects the fasteners from corrosion, it makes it much more durable than the average material. Given that it doesn’t corrode, that means there is little to no maintenance needed on the piece. You will want something that is strong, durable, and sturdy like titanium for your next project.

Cost-Efficient

Because titanium parts are typically maintenance free and do not corrode in the first place, it is a very cost-efficient component. You will not need to keep replacing it or worry about it falling apart on you. Once you make the investment in titanium, you won’t need to worry about sinking more money into it.

Can Combine with Other Metals

One of the biggest advantages of titanium is that you can combine it with other metals to create an alloy. You can combine it with:

  • Steel
  • Aluminum
  • Manganese
  • And more

Having such a versatile material like titanium is not only very helpful but smart too. Using the best materials will lead to the best results.

Are you looking for Titanium Fasteners?

Looking for Titanium Fasteners?

If you are looking for the best titanium fasteners, contact us today. Ferralloy has been providing titanium parts to countless industries and companies throughout the world for almost four decades. We are here to help you and your business in any way possible.

Titanium Tubing | Facts About Titanium

Titanium is the 9th most abundant element in the earth’s crust and is the 4th most abundant metallic element. It is a popular element used in the tubing and forging industries. Let’s take a look at some other facts about titanium and titanium tubing.

Titanium Facts

  • The element titanium is named after the Titans in mythology. In Greek mythology, the Titans were the gods of Earth.
  • Titanium was discovered in 1791 by William Gregor. Gregor was a pastor in a village in South Cornwall of the United Kingdom called Manaccan. He originally gave it a different name however, calling it manaccanite.
  • The name titanium was given to the element by German chemist Martin Heinrich Klaproth in 1795 after he independently discovered it. Gregor was credited with the initial discovery, but Heinrich was credited with the name.
  • Titanium is an abundant element. It is found naturally in humans, plants, seawater, on the Moon, in meteors, and in the Sun and other stars.
  • Titanium has an incredibly high strength to weight ratio. It is 60 times denser than aluminum but is twice as strong. It has the comparable strength of steel but is 45% lighter.
  • Titanium also has a high corrosion resistance. It is estimated that it would take 4,000 years in seawater to corrode to the thickness of a piece of paper.

Are You Looking for Titanium Tubing?

When it comes to all things titanium, at Ferralloy we have you covered. Whether it’s titanium tubing, or anything else titanium related, we have what you need for your next project. Contact us today to learn more.

 

What is titanium tubing?

Titanium Tubing | What to Know About Titanium Tubes

One of the many products we offer at Ferralloy is titanium tubes. These tubes have many different uses and are found in a variety of different fields. Before purchasing titanium tubing, let’s take a look at a few things you should know about them.

It Has Many Desirable Attributes

When it comes to Titanium, it is significantly superior to stainless steel when it comes to chemical resistance. The high strength-to-weight ratio makes it ideal for a diverse range of applications. Those applications include the automotive industry, the medical field, and in analytical instruments. When it comes to the medical industry, the biggest benefit of titanium is that it’s biocompatible. That means that not only will the human body accept it, it’s also nonmagnetic.

There Are a Variety of Grades

Just as there are many different “grades” of stainless steel, there are many different grades when it comes to titanium tubes. Titanium can be mixed with other types of metals, including nickel, to produce a variety of different titanium-based products. These can be ideal in situations where you might need a more flexible or even more durable tube. One specific example of this is NiTi (or nickel titanium). NiTi is often used to produce medical tubing that requires a high degree of flexibility and kink resistance.

Are You Looking for Titanium Tubing?

Whether you are looking for titanium tubes for the medical field, the automotive industry, or something else entirely, at Ferralloy we have you covered. Contact us today to learn more about our titanium tubes or to place an order.

 

who has the best titanium tubing?

Titanium Tubing | What Are the Uses for Titanium Tubing?

Titanium pipe is being used in an increasing number of applications because there are so many cases in which stainless steel and other materials are simply insufficient. Tubing is one of the common titanium mill products, and it is used in a range of products because of its superior strength-to-weight ratio and corrosion resistance. Let’s take a deeper look at titanium tubing and what it is commonly used for.

What is the Right Grade to Use?

Most grades of titanium are approved for pressurized service, meaning there are many different options out there. While all grades are usable, grade 2 is the one that is employed in most situations. This grade is readily available, which also makes it a good choice for quick production runs as well as larger orders.

What are the Common Uses for Titanium Tubing?

Titanium tubing continues to grow in popularity in a variety of different industries. The most common include:

Chemical Processing – Titanium has the corrosion resistance necessary to last for a long time in some extreme situations.

Oil and Gas – High pressure, high temperature applications like those in oil and gas wells require piping that can withstand the constant use.

Aerospace – The tubing provides resistance to fatigue and crack growth, can handle high temperatures without creep, and the lightweight pipes are very valuable for their strength-to-density ratio.

Power Generation – Many power plants around the country have already installed grade-2 titanium to deal with any problems that might otherwise come from the condenser and the associated boiler tube failures.

Are You Interested in Titanium Tubing?

If you are looking for titanium tubing for your next project, look no further than Ferralloy. Contact us today to learn more.

 

Where can I get titanium tubing?

Radiant Tubes | Facts About Radiant Heat

Radiant tubes are used in systems that require extreme heat above 1,200 °F. The goal of radiant tubes is to transfer heat to the load through irradiation. Heat exchange occurs when the combustion fumes are generated by the burner and then are conveyed through the tube. Let’s take a look at some facts about radiant heat that you might not know.

What is Radiant Heat?

Radiant heating is a simple system of tubing that is installed underneath the floor of a home or building. Hot water runs through these tubes to heat the area.

Does It Save Money?

The short answer is yes. Since radiant heat warms the room from the ground up, you don’t need to have the thermostat so high. Also, since the heat stays low less of it is needed to keep you and others warm.

Can Radiant Heating Systems Only Be Installed in New Construction?

The simple answer here is no. Radiant heating systems can be installed in any building no matter how old it is. It can also be installed individually in only certain rooms or spaces.

Can Radiant Heating Systems Freeze?

Freezing is rarely a problem with radiant heating systems. Usually keeping a system running, even at a lower thermostat setting will keep a system in working order.

Are You Looking for Radiant Tubes?

At Ferralloy we offer radiant tubes for even the most complicated of heating projects. Contact us today to learn more or to place an order for radiant tubes for your next project.

 

What are radiant tubes?

 

Radiant Tubes | Where Can I Find Radiant Tubes?

The performance of a heating system depends not only on the furnace burner but also on radiant tubes. These tubes are used to transfer heat to the load through irradiation. One place where you can find them is in radiant panel heating. Let’s take a look at some of the benefits of radiant tubes in radiant panel heating as well as where you can find radiant tubes.

Easily Zoned

Many radiant panel heating systems are designed for room-by-room zoning. This not only offers the potential for energy savings, it also allows different occupants to adjust rooms to their own desired comfort level.

Damage Resistant

Tubing or wiring encased in concrete floors is very resistant to damage from heavy interior traffic. Likewise, heated ceilings are typically “above the fray” and thus less likely to be damaged by normal building usage.

Virtually Noise-Free

Properly designed and installed systems eliminate expansion noise, sheet metal vibration, or velocity noises caused by fast moving air.

Fast Drying

Not only does this improve safety, it also provides much better working conditions for those who routinely work on or near wet floors, especially in facilities such as auto service garages and fire stations.

Where Can I Find Radiant Tubes?

Radiant tubes can be used in a variety of products for a variety of uses. If you are looking for these kind of tubes, look no further than Ferralloy. We offer high-quality products at competitive prices. Contact us today to learn more about how we can get you radiant tubes for your next project.

 

What are radiant tubes?

Titanium Tubing | Where Can I Get High-Quality Titanium Tubes?

Titanium tubes are classified into two categories, commercially pure and alloys with additives such as aluminum and vanadium. Within each category, there are grades given to the titanium. This blog will go into the different grades of titanium to give you a better idea of what kind of titanium you need for your titanium tubing.

Commercially Pure Titanium Grades

Grade 1 titanium is the first of four commercially pure titanium grades. It’s the softest and most ductile and has the greatest formability, excellent corrosion resistance and high impact toughness. As a result, this grade of titanium is the material of choice for any application where ease of formability is required and is commonly used in tubing. Grade 1 titanium can be found in the medical industry, architecture, marine industry, and automotive parts.

Grade 2 titanium is called the “workhorse” of the commercially pure titanium industry. It has many of the same qualities as Grade 1 titanium but is slightly stronger.

Grade 3 titanium is the least used of the commercially pure titanium grades, but not because it’s not valuable. While it is actually stronger than grades 1 and two, it possesses higher mechanicals than the others Grade 3 is used in applications requiring moderate strength and major corrosion resistance.

Grade 4 is by far the strongest of the four grades. It is known for its excellent corrosion resistance, good formability, and weldability and has become increasingly more popular in the medical industry.

Are You Looking for High-Quality Titanium Tubing?

If you are looking for high-quality titanium tubes, look no further than Ferralloy. No matter what you are looking to do, we have the titanium to do it with. Contact us today to learn more.

 

 What is titanium tubing?