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Forgeability of a Metal

The ability of a metal to undergo deformation without cracking by means of forging is what experts call the forgeability of a metal. With this characteristic, metals can easily be formed with low force and resistance. For instance, closed die forging involves a process wherein the dies move toward each other by covering the metal. The heated raw material is placed at the bottom die to produce a design or shape according to specifications. To know more about the forgeability of the metal, please continue reading.


What is Closed Die Forging?

All about Forgeability

Tests to Determine Forgeability

According to experts, there are two primary tests to determine forgeability of a metal – Upsetting test and Hot-twist test. Upsetting test involves cracking while upsetting a cylindrical specimen.  Although this test only provides basic guidelines, it uses different strain and temperature rates to ensure that forgeability can be determined.

On the other hand, the hot-twist test requires the twisting of a metal rod at different temperature rates. Using this method, forgeability can be determined for various materials, including steel.

Extrusion Process

Extrusion is conducted by deforming metal and transporting it into a chamber before the compression process starts. In standard extrusion procedures, a round billet is placed in a chamber and forced through a die opening by a ram. Additionally, this process requires extreme temperature for the material to be completely formed.

The methods of extrusion involved in forgeability of a metal are direct extrusion, indirect extrusion, hydrostatic extrusion, and impact extrusion.

Metal Flow

Metal flow is an important factor to consider when deforming a metal. It must have a substantial reduction in the cross-sectional part of the process to make sure that the flow is undisturbed. Also, extrusion defects may occur if there are impurities and oxides caused due to the inhomogeneous flow of metal. When this happens, surface defects will thrust or be expelled into the center of the extruded parts.


What is Closed Die Forging?

More Information about Closed Die Forging and Extrusion

At Ferralloy Inc., we strive to provide answers for every inquiry! Contact us today if you have any questions and our friendly staff will be glad to answer them!

Why Use Zirconium Parts and Components?

In the forging industry, companies often look for products with plasticity matching, good strength, moderate density, and can withstand a high-temperature atmosphere. Like titanium, zirconium also has outstanding corrosion resistance in several alkali and acid media. It is among the few essential structural materials used by nuclear industries.

Here are the reasons why several companies use zirconium parts and components.

Why use Zirconium?

Zirconium Properties and Applications

Properties Used in Zirconium Metalworking

Zirconium is an altered metal with a grayish-white luster. This compact metal is difficult to ignite and most of its components have low inherent toxicity.

What makes it predominantly appealing is that it is remarkably resistant to corrosion even when exposed to common acids and alkalis, seawater, and other agents. It is also known to become magnetic at low temperatures when alloyed with Zinc.


In the 1900s, about 90% of zirconium manufactured every year was used by the nuclear industry. Lately, however, as people gradually familiarize themselves with Zirconium and the benefits it offers, more applications have been found in various industries.

The chemical industry has been particularly interested in Zirconium due to its outstanding corrosion resistance. The most common types used are grades Zirconium 702 and Zirconium 705.

Interesting Facts about Zirconium

  • It does not readily absorb thermal neutrons
  • Both its physical and chemical properties are very similar to those of Titanium
  • It is extremely strong, ductile, and malleable
  • South Africa and Australia possess the most abundant sources of this metal
  • This metal was discovered in 1789 by Martin Heinrich Klaproth in Berlin
  • Zirconium got its name from the word “zircon”, which is the Persian word for “golden”
  • Europe and China are the leading consumer markets of this metal
  • It has been used as a gemstone since ancient times

Why use Zirconium?

Looking for Zirconium Parts and Components?

At Ferralloy Inc., our team can supply you with raw materials or provide your company with a finished and machined component. We can assist your company to acquire the excellent metal parts and components it needs today! Get in touch with us today!

Zirconium | Where Can I Get Zirconium for My Next Project?

Zirconium is a silver-gray transition metal, a type of element that is malleable and ductile and easily forms stable compounds. It is also highly resistant to corrosion. Let’s take a look at some facts about the metal as well as where you might use it and where you can get it for your next project.


Zircon, a gemstone, comes in blue, yellow, green, brown, orange, red and occasionally purple varieties. It has been used in jewelry for centuries. In 1789 Martin Heinrich Klaproth, a German chemist discovered zirconium in a sample of zircon from Sri Lanka. It was 25% silica, 0.5% iron oxide, and 70% a new oxide that he named zirconerde.

Where can it be found in?

Zirconium is highly resistant to corrosion and is commonly used in corrosive environments. It can be found in pipes, fittings and heat exchangers and is used in steel alloys, colored glazes, bricks, ceramics, abrasives, flashbulbs, lamp filaments, artificial gemstones and some deodorants. Other uses for zirconium include catalytic converters, furnace bricks, lab crucibles, surgical instruments, television glass, and removing residual gases from vacuum tubes. It is also an ideal material for use in nuclear power stations since it does not absorb neutrons. This is by far the most common use, with more than 90% of it being used in that way.

Where Can I Get Zirconium for My Next Project?

If you are looking for zirconium for your next project, look no further than Ferralloy. Contact us today or visit our online store for a quote or to learn more about our services.


Where Can I Get Zirconium for My Next Project?

Zirconium | History of Zirconium

Have you heard of the metal zirconium? It’s a chemical element that is a strong solid at room temperature. It does not exist in a pure state in nature and requires complex physio-chemical processes to get there. When it is in pure form, it’s a corrosion resistant metal that can handle high water temperatures. In addition, it can create different alloys that can handle highly corrosive environments, such as strong alkalis and mineral acids. This is why it’s very useful for parts that will be exposed to extreme environments.

what is zirconium

Brief History of Zirconium

Martin Heinreich Klaproth was the German chemist who discovered zirconium. This discovery took place in 1789 as Klaproth was analyzing jargon from the island of Ceylon. Upon finding the element, he decided to name it “zirkonerde (zirconia).” In 1808, Humphry Day tried to isolate the element using electrolysis, but was unable to do so. Later, Jons Jacob Berzelius was finally able to successfully isolate it.

In 1824, it was prepared in an impure form by Berzelius. This preparation was done by mixing potassium and potassium zirconium fluoride in a tube. The first industrial process that was able to produce metallic zirconium was called the crystal bar process. This process was surpassed by the easier and cheaper kroll process later on.

Learn More About Zirconium Today!

By now, you should be more familiar with the history of zirconium. But if you want to learn even more about this metal, Ferralloy Inc. can educate you. Our team is extremely knowledgeable about the different metals and alloys and would be more than happy to assist you.

Here at Ferralloy Inc., we provide industries with all of the materials and components they need to complete various projects. If you’re interested in finding out how zirconium might benefit your project, contact us today! You can also visit our website to learn more about our services and how they can help you.

Zirconium | 10 Fascinating Facts

When it comes to choosing parts and components for your next project, it can be difficult to determine the best material for your specific needs. There are so many different metals and alloys to choose from, each with their own set of benefits. One type of material that you might find beneficial is Zirconium (Zr). It possesses many benefits, from low toxicity to corrosion resistance, that make it the perfect option for a wide range of parts in countless industries. Are you interested in learning more about this useful material? Then keep reading for 10 fascinating facts about Zirconium!

10 Fascinating Facts About Zirconium

learn some zirconium facts from Ferralloy, Inc.

  1. This metal was discovered in 1789 by Martin Heinrich Klaproth in Berlin.
  2. Zr is a grayish white color and is a transition metal.
  3. It’s melting point is 3371 ˚F or 1855 ˚C.
  4. South Africa and Australia possess the most abundant sources of this metal.
  5. Zr is often used as a hardening agent in alloys such as steel.
  6. It is extremely strong, ductile, and malleable.
  7. When kept at ordinary temperatures, it has a hexagonal close-packed crystalline structure.
  8. Both its physical and chemical properties are very similar to those of Titanium.
  9. It does not readily absorb thermal neutrons.
  10. Alloying elements can be added to Zirconium to make it the perfect fit for many different applications.

Zirconium from ferralloy, inc. for your metal components

If you are interested in learning more about Zirconium, make sure to contact us! Here at Ferralloy, Inc., we can answer any and all of your questions about metal and alloys. We can even take it a step further by providing you with any materials or components that your next project might need. We are a quality driven organization committed to process improvement and customer satisfaction. You’ll be amazed with our high standard of service and on time deliveries.  Come see how we can help you by visiting Ferralloy, Inc. online today!

What is Zirconium? | Properties and Uses

There are a wide range of zirconium components in the metalworking industry. There are ingots, forgings, plates, sheets, rods, tubing, and so many other parts that are all made out of this metal. But what exactly is Zirconium? Keep reading to find out everything you need to know about this popular metalworking material!


Zirconium was first discovered in 1789 by Martin Heinrich Klaproth and took the world by storm thanks to its unique properties. It is a transition metal with a grayish-white luster. This solid metal is difficult to ignite and its compounds have a low inherent toxicity. One property that makes it particularly appealing is that it is exceptionally resistant to corrosion by many common acids and alkalis, seawater, and numerous other agents. It is also known to become magnetic at low temperatures when alloyed with Zinc. You can find Zirconium on the atomic table as the number 40 with the symbol Zr.

Uses of Zirconium

Zirconium’s intriguing properties make is a popular choice for parts and components in numerous different industries. For example, since it does not absorb neutrons, it is an ideal material for tubes and other parts in nuclear power stations. In fact, 90% of this metal is used in this way. Some other industries that use this metal for a variety of applications include solar power, chemical process, petrochemical, oil and gas, pharmaceutical, geothermal, mining, utilities, and many more.

If you are interested in using zirconium in one of its many forms, we can help. Providing different industries with metal parts that meet their specific requirements is what we do. Whether you need blanks cut to size, cold drawn shapes, or custom castings or forgings, we can fulfill your order accurately, competitively priced, and on a timely basis. Contact us today or visit our foundry online for a quote or to learn more about our services!

Zirconium Fasteners | Metalworking Ferralloy, Inc.

All metalworking components are not the same. It is important to understand the different types of metalworking materials and forms in order to decide which will be most beneficial for your specific needs. To help you get started, today we are going to explain Zirconium Fasteners. Keep reading to find out what they are, why they are used, and their applications.

The highest quality zirconium fasteners from Ferralloy Inc.!

What are Zirconium Fasteners?

 Zirconium Fasteners are made from the chemical element Zirconium (Zr). Zirconium is a lustrous, grey-white, strong transition metal. To a small extent it even resembles titanium. They have mechanical and physical properties that make them perfect for metalworking.

Why are They Used? 

Primarily they are used for their unique properties. Zirconium fasteners are exceptionally resistant to corrosion by acids, alkalis and seawater. They specifically have great corrosion resistance to hydrochloric acid, sulfuric acid, organic acids, nitric acid, acetic acid, and sodium hydroxide. As a result, they are typically used any time strong acids are present and for corrosive services that are too severe for stainless steels, nickel alloys, and titanium. 

What are Their Applications?

In past decades, about 90% of zirconium produced every year was consumed by the nuclear industry. Recently, however, as people get increasingly familiar with Zirconium fasteners and their benefits, more applications have been found in various industries. The chemical industry has been particularly interested in Zirconium Fasteners due to its outstanding corrosion resistance. The most common fasteners of this type are grades Zirconium 702 and Zirconium 705.

No matter your industry or need, if you are looking for Zirconium Fasteners, Ferralloy, Inc. can supply them for you. We are the industry leader that can provide you with the highest quality product, competitively priced, and delivered on time. Simply call us or visit our metalworking company online today to din our how we can benefit your business!

Zirconium Components | Metalworking | Ferralloy

For the wide variety of uses available for metal across the multitude of industries, it may be difficult to decide on the specific material, process or shape needed. Ferralloy is available to help you navigate through you metalworking needs. From choosing which material is best suited for your project to determining which processes would benefit your company the most. In some cases, the material Zirconium is required for zirconium components, but there are some unfamiliar with the reasons and features that make this metal desirable and useful. To find out more about how Zirconium could benefit your project as a metal component, keep reading!

Zirconium components can be used in a variety of applications.

What is Zirconium?

 A chemical element, Zirconium is a solid at room temperature; and it’s a strong solid at that. In nature Zirconium does not exist in a pure state. It must undergo complex physico-chemical processes in order to obtain pure zirconium. The metal itself resembles steel in many of its features and characteristics. Zirconium is resistant to corrosion and high temperature steam and water. The different alloys that can be created from Zirconium are design to also withstand highly corrosive environments, like organic and mineral acids and strong alkalis. Because of these features, this metal is highly useful in scenarios where components and parts will be exposed to extreme environments.

What Are Zirconium Components Applications?

The metal has a wide variety of products it is used in. Zirconium ingots, forgings, plants, sheets, rods, tubing and other zirconium components are just a few of the variety of products that can be made from this metal. As far as applications go, it is a key component in many military tools. Heat exchanges, condensers, piping systems, reactor vessels and valves are just some of the applications where zirconium could play a part.

For all of your zirconium component needs, Ferralloy can provide a rapid response, competitive pricing and just-in-time delivery. The wide variety of metals we offer includes metals of all grades and temper, as well as exotic and heat resistant alloys. We have the ability to supply the raw material or offer your company the finished and machined component. Call us at 440-250-1900 today or connect with our metal manufacturing company online. We can help your company get the metal components it needs today!